The Recommended Reading List points educators, students, and intelligence practitioners to publications and reading materials that will strengthen their knowledge of structured analytic techniques, critical thinking, creativity, intelligence studies, law enforcement, and counterintelligence.
Analytic Techniques 
Beebe, Sarah Miller and Pherson, Randolph H.  Cases in Intelligence Analysis: Structured Analytic Techniques in Action.  Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2012.CITEX: Competitive Intelligence in Trade and Export.  Methods and Practices in Competitive Intelligence: A Handbook for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises.  Madrid, Spain: ICEX: Instituto de Comercio Exterior, 2011.Gawande, Atul.  The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right.  New York: Henry Holt & Company, 2009.

Groopman, Jerome, MD.  How Doctors Think.  Boston, MA:  Houghton Mifflin Company, 2007.

Heuer, Richards J. Jr. and Pherson, Randolph H.  Structured Analytic Techniques for Intelligence Analysis. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2011.

Houston, Philip and Michael Floyd and Susan Carnicero.  Spy the Lie.  Former CIA Officers Teach You How to Detect Deception.  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2012.

Kapp, Karl M.  The Gamification of Learning and Instruction: Game-based Methods and Strategies for Training and Education.  San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer, 2012.

Klein, Gary A.  Streetlights and Shadows: Searching for the Keys to Adaptive Decision Making. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009.

Moose, Charles A. and Fleming, Charles.  Three Weeks in October: The Manhunt for the Serial Sniper.  New York:  Penguin, 2003.

Pherson, Randolph H.  Handbook of Analytic Tools and Techniques. Reston, Virginia: Pherson Associates, 2008.

Schwartz, Peter.  The Art of the Long View.  New York:  Doubleday, 1996.

Silver, Nate.  The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail—But Some Don’t.  New York: Penguin Press, 2012.


Critical Thinking
Booth, Wayne C.; Colomb, Gregory G.; Williams, Joseph M.  The Craft of Research.  Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, Third Edition, 2008.

Gladwell, Malcolm.  Blink:  The Power of Thinking Without Thinking.  New York:  Little Brown, 2005.

Gladwell, Malcolm.  The Tipping Point:  How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference.  New York:  Little Brown,  2000.

Gladwell, Malcolm.  Outliers. New York: Little Brown, 2008.

Heath, Chip and Heath, Dan.  Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die. New York: Random House, 2007.

Heuer, Richards J. Jr.  Psychology of Intelligence Analysis.  Reston, VA:  Pherson Associates, LLC, 2007.

Janis, Irving L.  Victims of Groupthink: A Psychological Study of Foreign Policy Decisions and Fiascos.  New York:  Houghton Mifflin, 1972.

Kahneman, Daniel.  Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011.

Klein, Gary A.  The Power of Intuition: How to Use Your Gut Feelings to Make Better Decisions at Work.  New York:  Random House, 2004.

Klein, Gary A.  Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions.  Boston, MA: MIT Press, 1999.

Mayberry, Katherine J.  Everyday Arguments: A Guide to Writing and Reading Effective Arguments.  Third Edition.  Boston, MA:  Houghton Mifflin. 2009.

Moore, David T.  Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis.  Washington, D.C.:  National Defense Intelligence College, 2009.

Pherson, Katherine Hibbs and Pherson, Randolph H.  Critical Thinking for Strategic Intelligence.Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2012.

Schum, David A.  The Evidential Foundations of Probabilistic Reasoning.  Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. 2001.

Surowiecki, James.  The Wisdom of Crowds.  New York:  Random House, 2004.

Taleb, Nassim Nicholas.  The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable. Random House, 2007.

Tetlock, Philip E. Expert Political Judgment: How Good Is It? How Can We Know? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006

Williams, Joseph M. and Colomb, Gregory G.  Style: Lessons in Clarity and Grace. New York: Longman. Tenth Edition. 2010.

Williams, Joseph M. and Colomb, Gregory G.  The Craft of Argument. New York: Pearson Longman, Third Edition, 2007.

Wilson, Timothy D.  Redirect: The Surprising New Science of Psychological Change.  New York:  Little Brown & Company, 2011.


Gray, David and Sunni Brown and James Macanufo.  Game Storming: A Playbook for Innovators, Rulebreakers, and Changemakers.  Sebastapol, CA: O’Reilly Media, 2010.

Higgins, James M.  101 Creative Problem Solving Techniques: The Handbook of New Ideas for Business.  Winter Park, FL: The New Management Publishing Company, 1994.

Mickalko, Michael.  Thinkertoys: A Handbook of Creative-Thinking Techniques.  2nd Edition.  New York:  Ten Speed Press, 2006.

Pink, Daniel H.  Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us.  New York: Riverhead Books, 2009.

Pink, Daniel H.  A Whole New Mind:  Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the World.  New York: Penguin Books, 2005.

Roam, Dan.  The Back of the Napkin.  London: Penguin Books, 2009.

Root-Bernstein, Robert and Michele Root-Bernstein.  Sparks of Genius: The 13 Thinking Tools of the World’s Most Creative People.  Boston, MA:  Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

Seelig, Tina.  inGenius: A Crash Course on Creativity.  New York:  HarperCollins, 2012.


Intelligence Studies
Bazerman, Max and Watkins, Michael D.  Predictable Surprises:  The Disasters You Should Have Seen Coming and How to Prevent Them.  Boston, MA:  Harvard Business School Publications, 2004.

Brugioni, Dino A.  Eyeball to Eyeball: The Inside Story of the Cuban Missile Crisis. New York, NY: Random House, 1990.

Clark, Robert M.  Intelligence Analysis:  A Target-Centric Approach.  Washington, DC:  CQ Press, 2004.

Coll, Steve.  Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001.  New York:  Penguin Press, 2004.

Fingar, Thomas.  Reducing Uncertainty: Intelligence Analysis and National Security.  Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Foreign Affairs.  The Clash of Ideas: The Ideological Battles that Made the Modern World—and Will Shape the Future. Volume 91, Number 1. January/February 2012.

Gates, Robert M. From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider’s Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War. New Yokrk: Simon & Schuster, 1997.

George, Roger Z. and Bruce, James B.  Analyzing Intelligence:  Origins, Obstacles, and Innovations.  Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2008.

Grabo, Cynthia M.  Anticipating Surprise:  Analysis for Strategic Warning.  Lanham, MD:  University Press of America, 2004.

Hasler, Susan.  Intelligence: A Novel of the CIA.  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2010.

Jervis, Robert.  Why Intelligence Fails. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Lowenthal, Mark M.  Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy.  Fourth Edition.  Washington, DC:  Congressional Quarterly Press. 2009.

McDowell, Don.  Strategic Intelligence.  Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, Revised Edition, 2009.

Pillar, Paul.  Intelligence, Policy, and the War in Iraq. Foreign Affairs. March/April 2006.

Walton, Timothy.  Challenges in Intelligence Analysis:  Lessons from 1300 BCE to the Present. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Williams, Phil.  Criminals, Militias, and Insurgents: Organized Crime in Iraq.  Carlisle, PA: US Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, 2009.

Wright, Lawrence.  The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. New York: Vintage Books, 2007.


Law Enforcement
Carter, David.  Law Enforcement Intelligence:  A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies.  Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice/Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2004.

Clark, Ron and Eck, John.  55 Steps to Becoming a Problem Solving Crime Analyst, Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science, publications/55 steps.php, 2003.

Johnson, Daryl.  Right-wing Resurgence: How a Domestic Terrorist Threat is Being Ignored.  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012.

Osbourne, Deborah.  Out of Bounds: Innovation and Change in Law Enforcement Intelligence. Washington, D.C. Joint Military Intelligence College, 2006.

Peterson, Marilyn B.  “Intelligence Led Policing: The New Intelligence Architecture.”  U.S. Department of Justice/International Association of Chiefs of Police,, 2005.

Ratcliffe, Jerry.  Intelligence-Led Policing.  Collumpton:  Willan Publishing, 2008.


Betts, Richard K.  Enemies of Intelligence: Knowledge & Power in American National Security, New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.

Carmichael, Scott W.  True Believer: Inside the Investigation and Capture of Ana Montes, Cuba’s Master Spy. Annapolis, MD: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 2007.

Cherashin, Victor with Feifer, Gregory.  Spy Handler: Memoir of a KGB Officer.  New York: Basic Books, 2005.

Earley, Pete.  Confessions of a Spy: The Real Story of Aldrich Ames.  New York:  Berkeley Books, 1997.

Lee, Wen Ho.  My Country Versus Me: The First-Hand Account by the Los Alamos Scientist Who Was Falsely Accused of Being a Spy. New York: Hyperion, 2002.

Masterman, J.C.  The Double-Cross System in the War of 1939 to 1945.  New Haven:  Yale University Press, 1972.

Roche, Edward M.  Corporate Spy: Industrial Espionage and Counterintelligence in the Multinational Enterprise.  New York: Barraclough, Ltd. 2007

Stober, Dan and Hoffman, Ian.  A Convenient Spy: Wen Ho Lee and the Politics of Nuclear Espionage.  New York:  Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Trulock, Notra.  Code Name Kindred Spirit: Inside the Chinese Nuclear Espionage Scandal. San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2003.

US Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General.  A Review of the FBI’s Handling and Oversight of FBI Asset Katrina Leung. Unclassified Executive Summary,, May 2006.

West, Nigel.  Venona: The Greatest Secret of the Cold War.  Harper Collins, 1999.

Wise, David.  The Inside Story of How the FBI’s Robert Hanssen Betrayed America. New York:  Random House, 2002.


US Government Publications
The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States.  New York:  W. W. Norton, 2005.

The Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction: Report to the President of the United States. March 31, 2005.

Directorate of Intelligence. Style Manual & Writers Guide for Intelligence Publications. 8th ed. Washington DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2011.

The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, December 17, 2004.

Johnston, Rob.  Analytic Culture in the US Intelligence Community.  Washington, D.C.:  Center for the Study of Intelligence, CIA, 2005. Culture_book.pdf

Kent, Sherman.  Words of Estimative Probability. Studies in Intelligence.http://www.internet2.cia/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol8no4/html/v08i406p_0001.htm

ODNI Intelligence Community Directive 203: Analytic Standards. June 17, 2007.

ODNI Intelligence Community Directive 206: Sourcing Requirements for Disseminated Analytic Products.  October 17, 2007.

ODNI Intelligence Community Directive 208: Writing for Maximum Utility. December 18, 2008.

ODNI Intelligence Community Directive 610: Competency Directories for the Intelligence Community Workforce. September 1, 2008.

U.S. Department of Justice’s Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative.  Common Competencies for State, Local, and Tribal Intelligence Analysts.  Washington, D.C.:  U.S. Department of Justice, 2010.